Boeung Tamok or Boeung Kobsrov

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Boeung Tamok or Boeung Kobsrov is the largest natural lake in Phnom Penh, located in the northwest along Win-Win Boulevard and constitutes 3239.7 hectares, covering 2 districts, 6 communes, and 25 villages.
Around the lake, there are about 300 families and 1,000 people, most of whom work on the fields or on the lake, fishing, farming or running home-based businesses. In addition to the benefits to humans, Boeung Tamok is also home to many birds and fish.

In 1980, Boeung Tamok was a lowland where people could farm seasonally. After the construction of Tom Nob Kobsrov Dam Road and a drain from Phnom Penh, as well as the excavation of soil, the lake became deeper.

Although we could identify the lake with our own eyes, there was no official lake boundary until 2016 when the Royal Government-issued sub-decree defining Boeung Tamok Lake with 61 points and a total of 3239.7 hectares, and declaring it to be state public property. As of October 2021, the lake surface has been revised at least 30 times.

1- The surface of the lake was revised in October 2018

According to Sub-Decree No. 132 dated 25 October 2018, an area of ​​456,553 square meters was declared as state private property and given to Mr. Xi Jin Mov.

2- The surface of the lake was revised in November 2018

According to Sub-Decree No. 147 dated 1 November 2018, 20 hectares of land was allocated to Phnom Penh Capital Hall to develop a vegetable market and parking lot.

3- The surface of the lake was revised in April 2019

By sub-decree No. 62, dated 23 April 2019, an area of ​​535,031 square meters was designated as state private land.  457,893 square meters was given to Suy Sophan, and 77 138 square meters was given to Men Sok. In the second demarcation of the lake boundary, the government released a new coordinate system for the lake boundary and made two major technical mistakes. The first was that the government forgot to cut the area belonging to Mr. Xi Jin Mov that government provided in 2018. The second was that the new coordinate system created an error between the new boundary and the old boundary, which resulted in the loss of 20 hectares of land. In addition to technical errors, there were two additional issues namely that the demarcation process did not involve all relevant stakeholders and the fact that it remains unclear as to the classification of land between the lake boundary and Kopsrov road, an area where people are forbidden to build on.

4- The surface of the lake was revised in March 2020

Based on Sor Chor Nor No 368 from Ministry of Council, dated 13 March 2020, an area of ​​75 hectares of the lake was cut and handed over to the Phnom Penh Capital Hall for gardening, and Sor Chor Nor No. 369, as dated above, stated that 9 hectares of the lake was to be cut and handed over to the Central Security Department, of the National Police General Commission, of the Ministry of Interior.

5- The surface of the lake was revised in June 2020

By Sub-Decree No. 89, dated 17 June 2020, an additional 104 754 square meters of lake land was given to Mrs. Chea Sophama Den, the daughter of the Minister of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction.

6- The surface of the lake was revised again in June n2020

According to Sub-Decree No. 90, dated 22 June 2020, an area of ​​2 985 472 square meters was cut and handed over to the Ministry of National Defense.

7- The surface of the lake was revised in July 2020

According to Sub-Decree No. 94 dated 2 July 2020, 30 hectares of lake was cut and handed over to Ms. Kim Hea, wife of Tycoon Ly Yong Phat

8- The surface of the lake was revised in August 2020

According to Sub-Decree No. 125 dated 11 August 2020, 74,855 square meters of lake area was cut and handed over to 23 families.

9- The surface of the lake was revised in September 2020

According to Sub-decree No. 138 dated 1 September 2020, 150,330 square meters of lake land was cut and handed over to the Ministry of Rural Development and 8.02 hectares was given to Seng Vuthy.

* Note: On 4 January 2021, the RGC revoked the 150,330 square meters of land which was cut to the Ministry of Rural Development, according to Sor Chor Nor No. 4

10- The surface of the lake was revised again in September 2020

According to Sub-decree No. 139 dated 1 September 2020, 150,000 square meters of lake land was cut and handed over to the National Committee for Disaster Management (NCDM), the Cambodian Human Rights Committee (CHRC), and Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority​ (CMAA).

* Note: On 4 January 2021, the RGC revoked the 150,000 square meters of land which was cut to the National Committee for Disaster Management (NCDM), the Cambodian Human Rights Committee (CHRC), and the Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority​ (CMAA), according to Sor Chor Nor No. 4. However, next 10 months later, through Sub-Decree No. 138 dated August 12, 2021, the same location was handed over to the General Commissariat of National Police.​  (Please read cutting 24th)

11- The surface of the lake was revised for a third time in September 2020

Additionally, in September 2020, a further 8 hectares was provided to the Ministry of Justice, who claimed their justice officials required more space and therefore needed ‘empty public land’ for offices and document storage.

12- The surface of the lake was revised again in October 2020

According to Sub-Decree No. 175 dated 19 October 2020, 78,314 square meters of lake land was cut and handed over to Say Saophea.

13- The surface of the lake was revised in December 2020

According to a Sor Chor Nor N. 1099, signed on 23 December 2020, 20 hectares of lake land was granted to Lon Hak and Chhun Chanthy, in exchange for 1,571.2 square meters of land in Daun Penh district’s, Srah Chak commune.

14- The surface of the lake was revised in December 2020

According to Sor Chor Nor No. 1100, dated 23 December 2020, 20 hectares of lake land was cut and handed over to the Ministry of Health to build Calmette Hospital.

15-The surface of the lake was revised in December 2020According to Sor Chor Nor No. 1102, dated 24 December 2020, 196.5659 hectares of lake land was cut and cleared for Ms. Uy Bovy and Ms. Kong Sothy.

16- The surface of the lake was revised in December 2020

According to Sor Chor Nor No. 1106, dated 24 December 2020, 27,659 square meters of lake land was cut and handed over to 16 families of the Military Police*Note: On 13 January 2021, the RGC revoked this land according to Sub-Decree No. 8.

17- The surface of the lake was revised in January 2021

According to Sor Chor Nor No. 63, dated 28 January 2021, 4 hectares of lake land was cut and handed over to the Ministry of Civil Service.

18- The surface of the lake was revised in February 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 20 dated 15 February 2021, 10 hectares of lake land was cut and handed over to the Ministry of Health.

19- The surface of the lake was revised in February 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 22 dated 15 February 2021, 10 hectares of lake land was cut and handed over to the Commissariat of Phnom Penh Municipal Police.

20- The surface of the lake was revised inApril 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 71 dated 27 April 2021, 199, 375 square meters of lake land was cut and handed over to Ms. Sam Cheng.

21- The surface of the lake was revised inApril 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 64 dated 07 April 2021, 4, 6477 square meters of lake land was cut and handed over to Say Saophea(Second time).

22- The surface of the lake was revised in​ August 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 128 dated 05 August 2021, 100 hectares of lake land was cut and handed over to the Ministry of Interior.

23- The surface of the lake was revised inAugust 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 131 dated 06 August 2021, 158, 587 hectares of lake land was cut and handed over to Say Saophea(Third time).

24- The surface of the lake was revised inAugust 2021

According to Sub-decree No. 138 dated 12 August 2021, 150,651 square meters of lake land was cut and handed over to the General Commissariat of National Police ( Former location which used to handed over to the National Committee for Disaster Management (NCDM), the Cambodian Human Rights Committee (CHRC), and Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority​ (CMAA) in 2020).

25- The surface of the lake was revised inAugust 2021

According to Sub-decree No. 140 dated 13 August 2021, 182,372 square meters of lake land was cut and handed over to the General Commissariat of National Police more.

26- The surface of the lake was revised inAugust 2021

According to Sub-decree No. 142 dated 18 August 2021, 74,855 square meters of lake land was cut and handed over to Pin Phy and Sum Phal.

27- The surface of the lake was revised inAugust 2021

According to Sub-decree No. 169 dated 27 August 2021, 359, 727 square meters of lake land was cut and handed over to Sao Sokha, Vong Pisen, Ya Kim Ey, Sea Sambath, and Poa Meng.

28- The surface of the lake was revised in September 2021

According to Sub-decree No. 175 dated 01 September 2021, 478, 7274 square meters of lake land was cut and handed over to Say Saophea (4th).

29- The surface of the lake was revised in September 2021

According to Sub-decree No. 176 dated 02 September 2021, 43, 946 square meters of lake land was cut and handed over to Lon Navy.

30- The surface of the lake was revised in September 2021

According to Sub-decree No. 177 dated 02 September 2021, 285, 000 square meters of lake land was cut and handed over to Lon Hak and Chhun Chanthy.

31- The surface of the lake was revised in September 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 188, dated 27 September 2021, 55 hectares of lakes have been cut and handed over to the Phnom Penh Capital Administration.

32- The surface of the lake was revised in September 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 189 dated 27 September 2021, 100 hectares of lakes have been cut and handed over to the Ministry of Health.

33- The surface of the lake was revised in October 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 198 dated 13 October 2021, 140 hectares of lakes have been cut and handed over to the Ministry of Justice.

34- The surface of the lake was revised in October 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 199 dated 13 October 2021, 578,700 square meters of lake area was cut and handed over to Seng Long.

35- The surface of the lake was revised in November 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 235 dated 24 November 2021, 63,221 square meters of lake area was cut and handed over to Chim Pisey.

36- The surface of the lake was revised in November 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 236 dated 24 November 2021, 192,309 square meters of lake area was cut and handed over to Cheng Srunheng.

37- The surface of the lake was revised in November 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 213 dated 4 November 2021, the area of 70 hectares 41 acres 65 acres, was cut and handed over to Mr. Say Sophea (four time).

38- The surface of the lake was revised in November 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 218, dated 8 November 2021, 5 locations of the lakes were cut:

  • Location 1 size 570,462 square meters
  • Location 2 size 230,457 square meters
  • Location 3 size 321,628 square meters
  • Location 4 size 57,257 square meters
  • Location 5 size 38,235 square meters,

A total of 1,218,039 square meters were cut and handed over to Ms. Som Sok Dara Monu Erica, Ms. Som Somalika and Mr. Som Sok Dara Ry Ki Ou.

39- The surface of the lake was revised in November 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 230, dated 17 November 2021, 1,000,168 square meters of lake area was cut and handed over to Choeung Thean Seng.

40- The surface of the lake was revised in November 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 231, dated 17 November 2021, 1,553,832 square meters of lake area was cut and handed over to Kuk An.

41- The surface of the lake was revised in November 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 232, dated 17 November 2021, 654,934 square meters of lake area was cut and handed over to Chhuo Sok You.

42- The surface of the lake was revised in November 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 233, dated 17 November 2021, 1,807,597 square meters of lake area was cut and handed over to Om Bopha.

43- The surface of the lake was revised in November 2021

According to Sub-Decree No. 247, dated 17 November 2021, 3 hectares of lake area was cut and handed over to National Election Committee of Cambodia.

Based on the 2035 Master Plan developed by Phnom Penh Capital Hall, the remaining lake is 2,140 hectares. However, now it is over the lake surface reserve.